Rosine Just (Jung) & Jakob Just
family history and other Just families Australia & New Zealand
Rosine Just nee Jung 1831-1909 and Jakob Just 1818-98 arrived 1855 colony of Victoria, Australia with child Emile. Rosine was from St.Imier, Jura region of canton Berne, western Switzerland. Jakob was from near Maienfeld on Rhine, canton Graubünden, eastern Switzerland; carpenter and cabinetmaker and had been at St. Imier working on construction of a church. They married 1850 at Corgément, near St.Imier, and lived in region, son Emile b 1851.
Rosine, Jacob (became usual spelling) and Emile arrived Victoria 21 May 1855 ship Gertrude sailed from Dieppe, France, with others "French". They landed or before long went to Geelong where many Swiss from around Neuchâtel, not far from St.Imier, had settled. They went to live at Steiglitz, a new gold town 26 miles north of Geelong. Jacob was miner and carpenter there and also for a time other gold rush places. Rosine had with her from Switzerland a jeweller's eyeglass and occasionally worked at watch repairing; 1861 newspapers reported her as a Steiglitz watchmaker giving a Geelong court evidence of her work. At Steiglitz between 1856 and 1871 six more children were born; James, Bertha, Pauline, Herman, Cecile, Aurel.
By 1866 Jacob had some presence in Geelong, listed as cabinetmaker, James St. In 1874, he, Rosine and the younger children moved to Geelong where Rosine had purchased the wine licence and business of Pension Suisse, Swiss boarding house and restaurant, 9-11 James St. By 1882 Jacob was a wine merchant there holding a colonial wine license. In 1894 the business passed to others but 1898 Jacob still had half interest in the property. By then he, Rosine and Aurel resided 19 Pakington st, Geelong West, home Bienne, after the Swiss town near St.Imier.
Jacob died 1 July 1898, The Geelong Advertiser said widely known throughout the district, particularly amongst his Swiss compatriots.
It said of Rosine on her death 18 Feb 1909 that she was an old and highly esteemed resident of Geelong West, her remains interred in the presence of a large gathering of sympathising friends from all parts of the surrounding districts, the pall supported by Messrs. J. Deppeler, A.H. Thetaz, F. Marrendaz, J. Harris, H.B. Hodges, H. King and R. and J. Guggar.
Madame Rosine Just a woman watchmaker news 1861.
Jacob pic version 2.Rosine pic version 2.
ROSINE JUST (JUNG): PARENTS, BROTHERS, SISTERS, HOME REGION
Rosine's father was David Ludwig (Louis) Jung, master tinsmith 1805-74, from Offenbach, near Frankfurt, state of Hessen (later part of Germany). He came into canton Fribourg on work tour.
Her mother, married 1829, was Euphrosine Susanne Mesey 1805-67 born at Morat (Murten), canton Fribourg, of a family there since 1547. According to Michael Casey tribalp, Euphrosine was dau of Johan Daniel Mesey 1760-1835 of Morat, lake inspector, m 1792 Anna Schori; Johan son of Niclaus Jacob Mesey 1733 m 1754 Magdalena Barbara Düncki; Niclaus son of Peter Mesey m Anna Margaret De Meyriez.
D.L. Jung 1805-74
|David Ludwig (Louis) Jung and Euphrosine lived first at Tramelan before moving into nearby St. Imier. David became active in St Imier public affairs including as member of town council. He was naturalised Swiss 1846 by the canton of Berne upon citizenship of the village of Kappelen. Other children below.|
Frederic (Fritz) Emanuel Jung 1830-77
Louise Euphrosine Jung 1833-8
Marie Jung 1835-1906, taught the trade of tailoress, 1859 m Philippe Félalime
Hermann François Jung 1836-1901, see below
Charles Jung 1839-1918, from 1867 a pastor at Porrentruy, 1867 m Aurgélie Bourguin, in a letter to Rosine, he reminisced around 1853 being with Fritz, Hermann, Rosine and Just
(Jean Jaques) Oscar Jung 1840-1919
Anna Jung 1842-1922, teacher, 1874 took charge of the French orphanage at Wabern near Berne, a letter to Rosine says her father met with his son Hermann in 1869 at Bâle where Hermann was for a meeting of the Workingmen's Association
Albertine Jung 1845-1911, by 1865 a teacher at Cormoret in charge of the top girls' class, later she moved to Neuveville, m 1867 Edouard Germiquet (thanks for help since 2006 to site author from descendant Claudine Ferrer-Germiquet of Switzerland). Their daughter Marguerite Germiquet born 1886 married her first cousin's son Alan Victor Just from New Zealand and settled there (see further below).
The site author has photocopies of 12 letters to Rosine from members of her family in Switzerland 1865-76. They followed after Rosine re-established contact lost since her departure. The letters are in French but show a family commitment also to knowing German. The letters are from Charles, Albertine and her fiancgé Edouard Germiquet, and Anna. Translations to English made by Frank Pelham Just 1923-74 are available. Acess to all letters and translations: www.justd.com/just/jung_letters.
H.F. Jung 1836-1901
|Rosine's brother, Hermann François Jung 1836-1901, watchmaker, emigrated to London 1854.|
For some years he was close associate of Karl Marx with whom he was 1864 a founder of the First International (International Workingmen's Association). Hermann was corresponding secretary for Switzerland and often presided. More: First Int Archive Riazanov ch ix; Bax ch 2; Hist Lex der Schweiz; also Mehring ch 11, 13, 14 though these erroneously associate Hermann with Marx 1848 confusing him with Georg Jung of that time. Hermann parted ways with Marx after 1872 in disagreement with the new exclusion of anarchist and other non-Marxist elements. He retained his radicalism. Bax, who knew him later, said he was an extraordinary autodidact who made one of the most effective and rousing speeches in defence of socialism he ever heard.
By 1861, Hermann lived and carried on business at 4 Lower Charles St, Clerkenwell in London. He was murdered there 1901. The trial of the recently discharged French soldier eventually convicted was reported in The Times. The prosecution said Hermann was a quiet and peaceable socialist, much respected and of the Swiss Benevolent Society; it was attempted robbery. In an account which at least in part the jury must have rejected, the accused said he was amongst four anarchists Hermann was instructing to murder the Tsar visiting France and that Hermann tried to recruit him to murder Mr Chamberlain (British Colonial Secy) as opposition to the South African war. He said Hermann attacked him with a piece of iron for refusing to agree and he knifed him in self-defence.
Hermann m1 1857 Sarah Elizabeth Ryan d 1880 > Eleonore M Jung 1859 m 1886 Charles Edmond Hauvette; Hermann Francis Jung 1860-80; Lincoln Henry Jung 1864-1903 m 1891 Alice Maud Pearson (> Alice Amy Jung 1892; Lincoln Hermann Jung 1893-1927; Walter William R Jung 1898-1947); Kate Jung 1866-1901 news report d South Africa; Florence Emily Jung 1870; Amy Elizabeth Jung 1872-1922 m 1898 Walter Herbert Hickox; Walter Edward Jung 1876.
Hermann m2 1888 Matilda Sweetland Plows 1865-1941 > Herman Francis Jung 1889, went to Argentina, m Rosalind Anna - (> Herman Francis Jung 1916 m Eng 1945 Lilian Harrison 1922-93; Rosalind Dorothy Jung 1916-91 m Eng 1942 Vivian Charles Ryder; Dorothy Mary Jung 1919; Penelope Kathleen Jung 1923-43 d Eng); Dorothy Mary Jung 1897-1976. Thanks to descendant Sue (Ryder) Kennedy of UK for help.
JAKOB JUST: PARENTS, BROTHERS, SISTERS, HOME REGION
Guscha in canton Graubünden, where Jakob was born, was a small Walser village on steep slopes behind Maienfeld. Also known as Mutzen, it had been there for centuries. The area was setting for Johanna Spyri's Heidi (1880).
Jakob's parents were Christian Just and Anna Kammerer (or Cammerer, per death record Jakob). Christian was a miller (per death record Jakob). He was born about 1785 and Anna about 1787 (per 1835 Census).
Alfred Götz (limmat) at Geneanet states that the marriage of Christian and Anna is recorded in Kirkenbuch at Maienfeld as 6 July 1817, and Christian was previously married to Barbara Nigg; the parents of Christian were Anton Just b 1761 m 1783 Cathrina Just b c1758; the parents of Anton were Christian Just b c1730 m 1755 Anna Riederer b c1730; Anton m2 1819 Luzia Tanner; Anton had a younger brother Jacob Just b 1764 m 1790 Margreth Just b c1765 from whom Alfred Götz descends.
There are Just mentions (variant spellings) at Guscha (Mutzen) in 1731, and even back to 1446. There is an article (now pdf on internet) published 1915 by Mooser, Anton, Die freien Walser auf Stürfis, Vatscherinenberg, Rofels und Guscha. It states, "Bei Anlaß einer Marchung mit Guscha im Jahr 1731 sind als Anwesende folgende genannt: Alt Flury und alt Andris Justen, alt und jung Christen, auch jung Andris Justen, Joseph und Christen Riederer, Anthony Justen sei., Fluri und Peter Justen (Fluris Söhnchen), in allem neun Personen männlichen Geschlechts". "1447 erscheint wieder ein Hans Enderiis Sohn ab Mutzen, 1446 ein Frik und ein Joos; diese zwei Geschlechtsnamen treffen wir im Wallis, am Heinzenberg, in Maienfeld, Jenins und Fläsch, in Liechtenstein und Vorarlberg".
www.mindspring.com/~philipp/maienfld.html Timothy Philipp: Maienfeld page (possibly no longer) has portion of 1835 Census (Volkszaehlung) for the Landquart River Valley villages and surrounding areas. The Census first listings 65-70 are Jakob, his parents and others who may include his brothers and sisters. The listing is "Jost", probably an error or a transient variation. The 1835 Census shows at household Christian age 50, Anna g [nee] Kammerer age 48, Anna age 30 birthplace unknown, Chatrina age 28 birthplace Mailand [Milan], Anton age 25 birthplace Ruehtenschwort, Jakob age 16 birthplace Maienfeld, Margreth age 15, Christian age 12, Luzia age 7, Johannes age 1.
Timothy Philipp is a descendant of Anna Margreth Just b c1796 Maienfeld, who married Andreas Buesch, through their daughter Chatrina Buesch 1828-1914 emigrated to Gasconade, Missouri, US. Also to Gasconade went Mathis (Mathias) Just b c1795, and his son Florian Just. Drawing assistance from the account of Alfred Götz, the Elizabeth (Elspeth) Just b c1795, widow by 1880 in the Boesch (Buesch) household, was third wife of Mathis Just. Regard to Götz suggests this Just descent was from Flori Just b c 1760-1784 Maria Lampert.
At Guscha carved on one of the ageless, substantial houses is the date of construction and names of first owners. David Shearer, an Australian descendant of Jakob, visited in 2006 and the marking he saw looks to be
Here pic of the marking taken by David Shearer, who went there with a group including Andreas Just, the last surviving person born in Guscha. The two last families to permanently live in Guscha were those of Andreas and his cousin Mathis Just. The Swiss army bought the family property at Guscha in 1966 and Andreas and family left in about 1967. Mathis and family left in 1969. In the 1300's, the Just ancestors lived in the German speaking high country of canton Wallis (Valais). The inhabitants of the high country decided that there were too many people living in their area and drew lots to decide who would move away. Some went to Guscha, others to a little high up village in Italy - the only one where German is spoken in Italy. Guscha's heyday was in the mid 1800's. They referred to themselves as The Republic of the Twelve Houses. They were quite isolated particularly in winter. They grew corn, wheat, potatoes, cauli, broccoli etc and ran sheep, geese, chickens, pigs, cows and goats. They made cheese. They hunted deer and mountain goat all year. Generally, they needed no money and had little. They would sell produce and buy necessities in Maienfeld.
A local newspaper report from some years ago which David Shearer was shown pic translates approximately thus.
|Folk Festival in Guscha|
|This weekend in the former Walser settlement of Guscha above Maienfeld there will again be a joyful Folk Festival with much music and entertainment. First reference to Guscha is said to be in ancestral writing of 5 February 1366 stating its existence, and in the Register of Community Archives from 16 April 1517 to 1 December 1571, the Walser settlement is mentioned six times. The writer Anhorn reported in 1622 that it consisted of a village of six houses and more stables below, and Guscha villagers were on the hill where the Anhorns were the night of 24 September 1622 of the Austrian invasion.||Guscha once had 170 inhabitants, but the population was never more. In 1969 the last Guschner ceased residence there and the Walser settlement ended. In 1974 the Pro Guscha Association was formed with 18 keen members. Guscha to them was threatened with decay. All the houses were restored and new life given them thanks to the initiative of the members. Once a year the Pro Guscha Association organises a joyful Folk Festival such as will be on this weekend.|
Here newspaper pic depicting father and uncle of Andreas Just, shown to David Shearer; "at a height of 1115 metres lived the former Walser community of Guscha". Here pic David Shearer with group at Guscha 2006.
Regard to the account of Alfred Götz suggests the descent of the last Just families at Guscha was from Andreas Just b c1750 m Catharina Suter b c1750. This Andreas likely was a cousin of Anton Just b 1761, grandfather of Jakob Just. The relation is probably intensified by cousin marriage, especially that of Anton to Chatrina Just possibly a sister of Andreas.
Andreas (Andrew) Riederer 1811-67 who emigrated to Kansas, United States was likely related to Jakob Just through the Riederer ancestry and probably in more than one way due to cousin marriage.
Andreas (Andrew) Just 1854-1933 with his parents Florian Just 1815-58 m Menga Näf, from Maienfeld, in 1858 also went to Kansas: sources Alfred Götz and ericsfamilytree.com.
SWISS IN EARLY VICTORIA AND THE GEELONG VIGNERONS
Many Swiss came to Victoria during the term 1839-1854 of Charles Joseph La Trobe as Victoria's British Government Superintendent and subsequently Lieutenant-Governor. La Trobe had huguenot background and close personal links to the Neuchâtel region.
The Swiss presence was strong in Geelong region, where wine growing, founded mainly by settlers from near Neuchâtel, was thriving 1850-1875 and led the Victorian wine industry. Subsequently the industry collapsed in the region though many Swiss stayed. A book by John Tétaz, From Boudry to the Barrabool Hills: The Swiss Vignerons of Geelong (Aust. Sch. Publ. 1995) is very interesting - much of it comprises old Tétaz family letters to Switzerland. It includes the full Liste des Neuchâtelois appTélés par Charles-Joseph La Trobe de Montmollin, gouverneur de l'Etat de Victoria, pour y venir planter la vigne and a list of Swiss arrivals in the region by ship as found by the author. There is no reference to Rosine or Jakob Just but there is mention of the Pension Suisse. It had been in business by 1858. Louis Amiet, who had come from Boudry, ran it until death 1872 when his wife Marie took over. By 1894, it was kept by Auguste Thetaz (or Tétaz).
Geelong Advertiser June 5 1874 reported "The annual dinner of the Geelong Vingrowers Association is to be held this evening at the Swiss restaurant, James - street, when Madame Just will doubtless be able to show her cuisine can produce a banquet worthy of such an occasion".
Daryl Sefton, grandson of Pauline Sefton (Just), with wife Nini, in 1966 commenced the revival of the Geelong industry.
A booklet by Lorraine Phelan The Geelong Swiss (Geelong Family History Group Inc 1995) includes entries on Jakob Just, Emile Just and families. There are also some references to the Just family in the W.J. Morrow Index (microfilm at State Lib Vic) to The Geelong Advertiser 1874, 1880-1. Generally, see also, Susanne Wegmann The Swiss in Australia (Rüegger, Switzerland, 1989). Also many Swiss from canton Ticino, southern Switzerland (Svizzera), came to Australia about that time.
children & some further descendants of Emile Ulysse Just and Annie Maria Adams
1. Maude Aurelie Miriam Just 1879-1977 born at Steiglitz. Early time as pupil teacher.
children were born Youarang district, Victoria
1. Aurelie Stella Just 1886-1972 pic b 20 Sept 1886, Sunbury. m 1911 Henry Richmond Kofoed 1877-1932, assistant factory manager and chief chemist Nobel's Deer Park near Melbourne. Family res there, after 1932 Sunshine. Henry b Vic, son of Jens Thorsen Christian Kofoed b Denmark, and Isabella nee Dobson.
1. John Shearer 1897-1984 pic Perth. Scientist in physics Uni WA to 1962 asap.unimelb, m 1931 Muriel Jane Aitken 1896-1982 > David Shearer pic with site author Melbourne 2016, Aurelie Shearer
The name Just
The name Just has long occurred through most of continental Europe and the British Isles from where Just emigrants have introduced it to other parts of the world. The spread of location and across affiliations including Jewish and Christian hints at Jewish, Huguenot and Moravian Brethren dispersals over many centuries and into recent times. Names such as Juste, Justin, Jost, and Yost probably are variants, IGI suggests also Guest.
Some other families name Just, Australia and New Zealand
These families are without known relation to the Just family of Swiss origin primarily subject of this site or to each other. If there are any relations, it appears it would lie in continental Europe before 1800.
To Queensland, others from the Scotch family
More to Queensland
Friedrich Wilhelm Just 1803-69 & Friedrike Christiane Henriette Schubert (Just) 1813-89 from Neumark Silesia to South Australia, descendants also New South Wales, Western Australia
Christian Just 1809-82, Heinrich Just 1834-1916, Fritz Just 1838-1928 from Duchy of Brunswick to South Australia
More in New South Wales
Friedrich Wilhelm Julius Just 1850-1925 and Pauline Emilie Schriber (Just) 1849-1909 from Germany to New Zealand
Herbert Just 1888-1949 from England to New Zealand
Riccardo Just b 1922 and Mira Bertocchi (Just) from Muggia province near Trieste to Australia
There is a Just family of Muggia province near Trieste, Italy, formerly Austria-Hungary. Riccardo Just (d Muggia 1944) and Clementina nee Kellner had a son Riccardo Just 1894-1989 painter, poet and musician. His son Riccardo Just b 1922, painter and flamenco jazz guitarist, emigrated to Aust 1954 with wife Mira nee Bertocchi and children (thanks to son Bruno Just e-mails to site author 2003 and son Paolo Just 2004).
Others include persons name Just to Australia and New Zealand since 1945 from (as now known) Germany, Austria, Czechia, Slovakia, Denmark, Estonia, Lithuania and Poland, including Werner Otto Just d 1995 and Isolde Martha Just nee Plattner 1926-2008 emigrated to Aust 1952-5 from Germany, settled Morwell Vic, later Canberra. Also, Zenon Stanislaw (Stan) Just 1926-2014 settled Melbourne.
site author Don Just